Tang Soo Do Terminology




Kwan Jang Nim- Grand Master
Shim Sa Kwan Nim- Examiner/Judge
Sa Boh Nim- Master Instructor
Kyo Sa Nim- Certified Instructor
Cho Kyo Nim- Training Instructor
Sun Bae Nim- Senior member
Hu Bae Nim- Junior member
Dan- Black Belt
Gup- Color Belt other than Black belt
Ko Dan Ja- Senior Dan Holder
Yu Dan Ja- Dan Holder
Yu Gup Ja- Gup Holder
Cho Bo Ja- Beginner

HISTORICAL TERMS:
Tang Soo Do- Historical Name of Our Art
Ho Sin Sul- Art of Self-defense
Moogi Su-l Art of Weapons
Kuk Pa Sul- Art of Breaking
Jua Sun Bop- Art of Meditation
Song Cho Ki- American Flag
Tae Kuk Ki- Korean Flag

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY:
Do Jang- Training Hall or Gym
Do Bok- Uniform
Dee- Belt
Hyung- Form or Pattern
Ahp- Front
Yup- Side
Dwi- Back
Wen Jok- Left
Oh Ryn Jok- Right
Aneso Pakero- Inside / Outside
Pakeso Ahn Uro- Outside / Inside
Ha Dan- Low
Choong Dan- Middle
Sang Dan- High
Ssang Soo- Double or Twin
Ki Hap- Yell / focus of energy
Chung Shim- Balance
Shi Son- Focus of eyes
Shim Kong- Spiritual power
Weh Kong- External power
Nae Kong- Internal power
Kyuk Pa- Breaking
Set Ban Kyuk Pa- 3 Station Break
Khup Soh- Pressure points
Chung Shin Tong IL- Concentration
In Neh- Endurance
Kyum Son- Humility
Chon Kyung- Respect
Muk Yum- Meditation
Tang Soo Do- Name of the Art we study
Soo Bahk Do- Ancient name of the martial art in Korea
Kwan Jang Nim- Chief Instructor
Sa Bom- Master 4th Dan and above
Kyo Sa- Certified Instructor
Ban Jang Nim- Prefect
Nim- (suffix) Head or Senior most
Sun Beh- Senior member
Hu Beh- Junior member
Dan- holder of midnight blue belt
Gup- holder of color belt under midnight blue
Ko Dan Ja- Senior Dan holder
You Dan Ja- Gup holder
Kwan Won- Student member
Ko Map Sum Ni Da- Thank you
Kuk Gi- National flag
Kwan Gi- Organization flag
Shim Kung- Spiritual power or control in exercise
Neh Kung- Internal power or control in exercise
Weh Kung- External power or control in exercise
Kee Cho- Basic
Hyung- Form
Dae Ryun- Sparring
Ho Sin Sul- Self Defense
Kyok Pa- Breaking Techniques

BASIC HAND/ ARM TECHNIQUES:
Sohn Ki Sul- Hand Techniques
Chu Mok- Fist
Kong Kyuk- Punch
Ssang Soo- Double / Twin
Choong Dan Kong Kyuk- Middle Punch
Sang Dan Kong Kyuk- High Punch
Choong Dan Kong Kyuk- Middle Punch
Ha Dan Kong Kyuk- Low Punch
Chung Kwon- Fore Fist
Kap Kwon- Back Fist
Joong Kwon- Fore fist
Kwon Do- Hammer Fist
Jang Kwon- Heel of Palm
Soo Do- Knife Hand
Yuk Soo Do- Ridge-Hand
Kwan Soo- Spear-Hand
Ol Ya Chi Ki- Upper Cut
Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk- Spear Hand Punch
Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk- Reverse Punch
Yup Sik- Claw Hand
Jip Kye Son- Open Plier Hand
Choong Dan Pahl Put Ki- Middle Punch /Horse stance
Choong Dan Hang Jin- Side Punch
Hwang Jin Kong Kyuk- Side Punch /Horse Stance
Kap Kwon Kong Kyuk- Back fist /Horse Stance
Ssang Soo Kong Kyuk- U Shape Double Attack
Yoo Kwon- Soft fist
Il Ji Kwon- One finger fist
Il Ji Kwan Soo- One finger spear hand
Ee Ji Kwan Soo- Two finger spear hand
IL Chi Kwan Soo- One Finger Strike
Ee Chi Kwan Soo- Two Finger Strike
Son Mok Deung- Upper wrist technique
Chul Ban Kwan Soo- Open Hand Knuckles
Pal Koop Kong Kyuk- Elbow

BLOCKS (MAHK KI):
Mahk Ki- Block
Ha Dan Mahk Ki- Low Block
Choong Dan Mahk Ki- Middle Block
Sang Dan Mahk Ki- High Block
Aneso Pakero Mahk Ki- Inside / Outside Block
Pakeso Ahn Uro Mahk Ki- Outside / Inside Block
Ssang Soo Mahk Ki- 2 Hand / Double Block
Chun Kul Ssang Soo Mahk Ki- Double Block /Front Stance
Hu Kul Sang Dan Mah Ki- High Block / Back Stance
Ssang Soo Sang Dan Mahk Ki- High 2 Hand X-Cross Block
Sang Dan Ssang Soo Do Mahk Ki- High 2 Knife Hand X-Block
Hu Kul Ha Dan Mah Ki- Low Block /Back Stance
Ssang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Ki- Low 2 Hand X-Cross Block
Ha Dan Ssang Soo Do Mahk Ki- Low 2 Knife-Hand X-Block
Soo Do Makh Ki- Knife Hand block
Sang Dan Soo Do Mahk Ki- High Knife Hand Block
Choon Dan Soo Do Mahk Ki- Middle Knife/Hand Block
Ha Dan Soo Do Mahk Ki- Low Knife/ Hand Block
Hu Gul Yup Mahk Ki- Side Block /Fighting Stance
San Mahk Ki- W Shape (Mountain) Block
Bahl Ba Dahk Ero Mahk Ki- Sole of Foot Block
Moo Roop Mahk Ki- Knee block
Ha Dan Soo Do Mahk ki- Low knife hand block

KICKS (CHA KI):
Bahl Ki Sul- Foot Techniques
Ahp Cha Ki- Front Kick
Yup Cha Ki- Side Kick
Aneso Pakero Cha Ki- Inside / Outside Kick
Pakeso Ahn Uro Cha Ki- Outside / Inside Kick
Dwi Cha Ki- Back Kick
Dull Ryo Cha Ki- Roundhouse Kick
Nak See Cha Ki- Side Hook Kick
Beet Cha Ki- Reverse Round House Snap Kick
E-Dan Cha Ki- Jump Kicking
Bahl Puto Oly K- Front High Stretch Kick
Yup Puto Oly Ki- Side High Stretch Kick
Ahp Mee Ro Cha Ki- Front Push Kick
Ahp Chik Ki- Front Hammer Kick
Dwi Hu Ryo Cha Ki- Back Hook Kick
Ee Dan- Jump
Ee Dan Ka Whe Cha Ki- Jump Scissor [split] Kick
Ee Dan Ahp Cha Ki- Jump Front Kick
Ee Dan Yup Cha Ki- Jump Side Kick
Ee Dan Dull Ryo Cha Ki- Jump Round house Kick
Ee Dan Nak See Cha Ki- Jump Side Hook Kick
Ee Dan Dwi Cha Ki- Jump Back Kick
Young Bahl EeDan Ahp Cha Ki- Double Jump Front Kick
Dwi Dull Ryo Cha Ki- Spinning Back Kick
Ee Dan Dwi Cha Ki- Jump Spinning Back Kick
Ee Dan Dwi Hu Ro Cha Ki- Jump Spinning Back Hook
Bahl Dwi Kup Cha Ki- Stomping Kick
Hullyo Cha Ki- Sweeping Kick
Bahl Ba Dahk Ero Mahk Ki- Sole of Foot Block
Chi Ki- axe kick
Bahl Ba Dahk Ero Mahk Ki- Sole of Foot Block
Ee Dan- Flying (prefix to kicking techniques)
Kwi Gee- jumping (prefix to kicking techniques)

HEAD TECHNIQUE
E Mah Kong Kyuk- Head Butt

BASIC STANCES (CHA SEH)
Cha Seh- Stance
Choon Bee Cha Seh- Ready Stance
Chun Kul Cha Seh- Front Stance
Hu Kul Cha Seh- Fighting Stance
Kee Ma Cha Seh- Horse Stance
Sa Ko Rip Cha Seh- Side Stance
Kyo Cha Rip Cha Seh- Crossed Leg Stance
Bahl Cha Ki Choon Bee- Ready Kicking Stance

ANATOMY
Moh Ri- Head
E Mah- Forehead
Kwan Cha Nul Ee- Temple
Nuhn- Eyes
Kwee- Ear
Kho- Nose
In Choong- Philtrum
Eep- Mouth
Tuck- Chin
Mok- Neck
Pahl- Arm
Pahl Koop- Elbow
Son Mok- Wrist
Sohn- Hand
Myung Chi- Solar Plexus
Hu Ri- Waist
Dan Juhn- Lower Abdomen
Ko Whan- Groin
Tah Ri- Leg
Moo Roop- Knee
Bahl Mok- Ankle
Bahl- Foot
Dwi Kup- Heel of Foot
Chook Do- Edge of Foot
Ahp Kup- Ball of Foot
Bahl Ba Dahk- Sole of Foot
Bahl Dtung- Instep

COUNTING:
Hana- one
Tul- two
Set- three
Net- four
Dasot- five
Yasot- six
Ilgop- seven
Yodol- eight
Ahope- nine
Yol- ten
Samul- twenty
Selun- thirty
Mahun- forty
Swin- fifty
Yey swun- sixty
Il hun- seventy
Yatun- eighty
Ahun- ninety
Payk- hundred
IL- first
E- second
Sam- third
Sa- fourth
Oh- fifth
Yuk- sixth
Chil- seventh
Pal- eighth
Ku- ninth
Si- tenth

STARTING & CLOSING CLASS:
Cha Ryut- attention
Kuk Gi Bay Ray- bow to flag
Chak Sut- Sit
Muk Nyum- meditation
Sa Bom Nim Kay Kyung Yet- bow to instructor
Kyo Sa Nim Kay Kyung Yet- bow to assistant instructor
Sun Beh Nim Kay Kyung Yet- bow to senior member
Ban Jang Nim Kay kyung Yet- bow to prefect

DURING LESSONS:
Cha Ryut- attention
Kyung Yet- bow
Joon Bee- Ready
Shi jak- begin
Ku Ryung- count
Ba Ro- return
Shio- relax
Tora- turn
DwI Ro Tora- turn to rear
Bal Cha Kee Joon Bee- ready for kick
Chung Gee- Stop
Gu Man- Temporary Stop
Bahl Ba Ko- Change Sides
Dae Ryun- Sparring with Opponent
Kyo Dae- Change / Rotate with partner
Ku Ryung- Voice Command
Ku Ryung E Mat Cho So- By the Count
Ku Ryung Up Shi- Without Count
Ahn Jo- Sit
Cha Ryut- Attention
Muk Yum- Meditation

FORMS (HYUNGS)
Kee Cho Hyung IL Bu- Basic form 1
Kee Cho Hyung Ee Bu- Basic form 2
Kee Cho Hyung Sam Bu- Basic form 3
Pyung Ahn Cho Dan Pyung Ahn- form 1
Pyung Ahn Ee Dan Pyung Ahn- form 2
Pyung Ahn Sam Dan Pyung Ahn- form 3
Pyung Ahn Sa Dan Pyung Ahn- form 4
Pyung Ahn Oh Dan Pyung Dan- form 5
Bassai- Snake form

SPARRING (DAE RYUN)
Sam Soo Shik Dae Ryun- Three step sparring
IL Soo Shik Dae Ryun- One step sparring
Ja Yoo Dae Ryun- Free sparring
Da Soo Dae Ryun- Sparring against two or more
Chwa Dae Ryun- Sitting sparring
Dae Ryun Joon Bee- Ready for sparring

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